Mythology of Thassos
According to the ancient Greek mythology, Thassos was discovered on the occasion of one of the many love affairs of Zeus. When Zeus, while transformed into a bull, carried off Europe, the daughter of the King of Phoenicia Aginoras, the latter ordered the sons of Phoenix, namely Cilicas, Kadmos and his grandson Thassos to look for her and find her or else never to return. And while Zeus and Europe enjoyed their love in Diktaeo Andro in Crete, Aginora’s sons were wandering to the ends of the earth to find her. Thus Thassos reached at some point this island. Thassos was enchanted by the wonderful climate and the luxuriant vegetation of the island and as he could not return home without Europe, he ceased his quest of her and he settled down with his escorts in the island, which bears his name since then.
Herodotus, the greatest historian of the ancient times, reports this fact with certainty quoting that “by that Thassos, the Phoenician, it acquired its name (III Erato VI. 46)”. The ancient poets however, give other names as well to the island such as Aerii or Ierii, for the pureness of the air and for its cool summer breezes. It is also named Aethria for its deep blue sky and Chrysii for the shiny glitter of gold that was produced in the bowels of its earth.